[EA16] The environmental costs of 1 kWh: a comparison of electricity generation options

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The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change identifies electricity as the keystone of decarbonization strategies. Phasing out fossil fuels and electrifying our economy is our most daunting challenge yet, but do we know what the future electricity system will look like? Do we run into other environmental issues by reducing greenhouse gas emissions?

Life-cycle assessment is a widely recognized method aiming at answering exactly these kinds of questions, characterizing environmental impacts from entire product or technology systems, identifying environmental hotspots and uncovering problem-shifting patterns. The report “Carbon Neutrality in the UNECE Region: Integrated Life-cycle Assessment of Electricity Sources” from the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe proposes an application of life-cycle assessment to electricity generation technologies and offers a comparative overview of their associated environmental issues.

Date & Time

November 23, 2022 - 15h00


Thomas Gibon, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology

Further reading






Last update: November 23, 2022