[UsersTCP20] Hard to decarbonise and hard to reach: developing solutions that work for planet and people

Reducing heat sector related carbon emissions to net zero by 2050 involves reducing heat demand, decarbonising the fuel supply and deploying low carbon heating technologies. A main contributor to this challenge is what has been referred to as the ‘Hard to Decarbonise’ building stock (HTD). This term, newly introduced into the built environment, refers to properties where reductions in carbon emissions are difficult to achieve, whereby they cannot be brought up to an appropriate standard of energy efficiency using the currently available cost-effective measures. In addition to the technology focused understanding that this emphasises, we are currently working to fully understand and integrate the impact of occupant attributes within the HTD stock, in particular those in fuel poverty and others that might be referred to as “hard-to-reach” (HTR) energy users- those who are typically either hard-to-reach physically, underserved, or hard to engage or motivate. In this presentation we will introduce the concept of HTD homes and provide some insights into the daily challenges that fuel poor households face in HTD properties in the UK. We will also delve into the issues faced in off-grid buildings.


  • Rokia Raslan, UCL
  • Aimee Ambrose, Sheffield Hallam University





Last update: September 22, 2021